Macular Degeneration

What is macular degeneration?

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a degenerative retinal disease that causes a progressive loss of central vision. The retinal degeneration in AMD occurs in the area of the eye called the macula.

What are the risk factors for macular degeneration?

  • High blood pressure
  • Caucasian race
  • Family history
  • Age over 55
  • Smoking

What is the difference between “wet” and “dry” macular degeneration?


“Dry” macular degeneration is usually the earlier and/or milder form of the condition in which cellular waste products (called drusen) build up in the macula.


“Wet” macular degeneration is the more advanced and severe form of the condition in which fluid (watery or blood) leaks out of the vessels in the macula and causes dramatic vision loss.

Having Vision Problems?

Contact the experts at Heartland Eye Consultants.