Below you will find links to Success Stories written by patients and parents explaining their experiences in Optometric Neurorehabilitative Therapy.
Two major headings assist you in finding people that are most like you or your child: “Signs and Symptoms of Visual Problems” (what you or your child are experiencing) and “Medical Terms”. If a particular patient had both Headaches and Reading Problems, you will find that patient under both categories.
Enjoy reading these real-life stories, look at their triumphant faces, envision yourself taking control of your future and let’s get started on this journey together!
Signs & Symptoms of Visual Problems
When a person is suffering from a Learning Related Vision Disorder they may experience many different symptoms when reading. Some of them include: skipping lines of print, re-reading lines of print, skipping small words when reading, missing the beginning or ending of a word, poor reading comprehension, failing to recognize the same word from one sentence to the next, poor retention of spelling words, recall of facts is better when a story is read to them (auditory recall is better than visual recall), and reversals of small words like “no” for “on.”
In order to see an object as one, the brain must align both eyes with utmost precision. Each eye must point directly at the object and maintain that alignment. The result of the inability to align the two eyes is double vision.
The causes of headaches are many. However, if headaches can be connected to use of the eyes for near activities like reading or computer work, the first thing to think about is a vision disorder. With decreased convergence (ability to pull the eyes toward each other) while reading, a person must work harder than usual to eliminate blurred vision or doubling of words. This extra effort may cause eyestrain. Persistent eyestrain may develop into headaches, especially around the eyes and the brow. Headaches are a common symptom of Convergence Insufficiency.
It is not uncommon for a child who suffers from a Learning Related Vision Disorder to have a poor self image. They are constantly walking into academic situations without the visual tools they need to succeed. With Optometric Vision Therapy, the visual roadblocks are removed from a child’s path and the road to success is now opened. With increased success comes a more positive self image.
If a person has a visual problem affecting their ability to use their eyes together as a team, as in Convergence Insufficiency, they may show signs of inattention similar to that of ADHD. The complexity of getting the eyes to work together is too distracting for the individual to concentrate for any length of time during a near point activity like reading, classroom work or homework.
Motion is sensed by the brain through three different pathways of the nervous system that send signals from the eyes (vision), the inner ear, and the proprioceptors (information the brain receives about the relative position of neighboring parts of the body). When the body is moved intentionally, (i.e. when we walk) the input from all three pathways is coordinated by our brain. When there is unintentional movement of the body (driving in a car) the brain is not coordinating the input, and there is thought to be conflict from the three pathways. The inner ear tells the brain you are moving through space. The eyes, looking down at a book, tell the brain you are sitting still. It is hypothesized that the conflict among the inputs is responsible for motion sickness.
Sometimes, after seeing the changes that Optometric Vision Therapy has made in one person in the family, another one embarks on the same journey. In this section are Success Stories of families, sometimes multiple children, sometimes parent/child, who have maximized their visual potential at Heartland Eye Consultants.
Adults will figure out many ways to compensate for their visual problems so that they can continue with any strenuous visual work they need to do. Often, adults come home from work extremely tired when all they did was sit at a desk and do paperwork. Some people will feel as if they had just run a 10K race! Children, on the other hand, will tend to avoid tasks that are difficult or make them feel inadequate.
Medical Terms for Visual Problems
Convergence Insufficiency is the most common binocular (eye teaming) dysfunction in which the individual lacks the ability to sustain focus on a near target. People with Convergence Insufficiency frequently experience one or more of the following issues when reading: headaches, intermittent double vision, words running together or doubling up, poor reading comprehension, and avoidance of near work.
Amblyopia is a condition in which the brain does not develop the ability to see 20/20 vision, in the absence of any disease process, even while wearing the best glasses prescription. This is caused by either strabismus or uncorrected vision in one or both eyes.
Strabismus is a general term describing the deviation of one eye relative to the other such that they do not point in the same direction. This is usually cosmetically seen as an eye that turns in, out, up, or down compared to the other eye. This condition is serious because it will cause either double vision (diplopia) or suppression of the deviating eye (eye is ignored by the brain so that double vision is not apparent). Neither of these conditions is desirable.
Esotropia is a type of strabismus in which one eye points in toward the nose while the other eye points straight ahead. This can be very obvious or very subtle. This condition may be intermittent (present sometimes but not at other times) or constantly present. This condition may be one-sided (unilateral) so the same eye always turns or it may be alternating where sometimes the right eye is turned in while the left eye is straight ahead and other times the left eye is turned in while the right eye is straight ahead.
Exotropia is a type of strabismus in which one eye points out while the other eye points straight ahead. This can be very obvious or very subtle. This condition may be intermittent (present sometimes but not at other times) or constantly present. This condition may be one-sided (unilateral) so the same eye always turns or it may be alternating where sometimes the right eye is turned out while the left eye is straight ahead and other times the left eye is turned out while the right eye is straight ahead.
Conveniently located in Omaha, Heartland Eye Consultants is a regional, specialty eye and vision care center serving all of Eastern Nebraska and Western Iowa, including but not limited to Council Bluffs, Lincoln, Sioux City, IA, South Sioux City, NE, Norfolk, NE and surrounding towns. Call us at (402) 493-6500